How have the intense summer temperatures throughout the U.S. impacted midstream companies?
Impacts can include increased power demand with utilities that drive higher natural gas pipeline and storage terminal volumes. For those natural gas companies that have “interruptible” (vs. “firm”) contracts, this can translate to meaningfully higher profits.
Additionally, some G&P (gathering and processing) businesses have commodity linked contracts and benefit from higher commodity prices. With natural gas prices spiking to the $4/million British thermal unit (MMBtu) range in part due to higher summer temperatures, this has had a positive impact on those companies with exposure to natural gas.
The Fed is planning on raising interest rates sooner than expected. How have midstream equities historically performed during a rising rate environment?
Generally speaking, over the past couple of decades, midstream equities have performed well in rising rate environments. Rate shocks were the exception, like with most equities, leading to short-term weakness. As a key example, when the Fed Funds rate was significantly increased from 1.00% in mid-2004 to 5.25% by mid-2006 (and well telegraphed), the AMZ index increased 56% on a total return basis (12/31/2003-12/31/2006). This performance was much greater than the S&P 500 return (34%). Assuming interest rate increases are being driven by strength in the economy, this typically corresponds to favorable energy demand, which should benefit midstream fundamentals.
With global energy demand on an uptick, would you please comment upon the impact to U.S. midstream companies?
We believe there is still attractive total return potential for the midstream group. With the possibility of strong and sustainable yields in the current low-rate environment, we believe there is room to run for Midstream equities as absolute prices and multiples are still below pre-COVID levels while at the same time the debt market has already fully recovered. And while valuation alone isn’t a catalyst, given the global economic recovery and favorable Energy-specific tailwinds, most of our companies have generated Free Cash Flow (FCF) after dividends in 2021, and many should be able to buy back stock given progress with deleveraging.
With capex spending down 30%-40% in each of ‘20 and ‘21, and assets in many basins underutilized, we should see operating leverage kick in as well.
We believe it is reasonable to assume EV/EBITDA multiples could expand further (with some of our favorite names much more discounted), particularly among MLP-structured equities.
Would you please discuss current payouts as well as the pace of buybacks among midstream companies?
The average yield of midstream companies (represented by the AMUS: Alerian US Midstream Energy Index) is approximately 7-9% with ample dividend coverage of roughly 2x. As FCF is generally increasing, management teams are faced with a capital allocation decision including some or all the following: further debt paydown, small-scale/accretive growth projects, modest dividend growth, and/or share buybacks. We expect midstream companies to favor a combination approach. Thus far, as it relates to buybacks, most companies have stressed “opportunistic” vs. “programmatic” plans. While buybacks have been relatively modest in the first half of 2021 given the early stage of the recovery, some estimates suggest a potential ~$2 billion in buybacks in 2021 and increasing in 2022.1